A Guide to Dairy-Free Milk Alternatives
Recently we have been working with Gut Instinct on their new range of milk alternatives which is set to launch in September. With the undeniable rise of non-dairy milks over the last few years, this month at Bristol Twenty HQ we thought we would look at the milk choices out there and how they work with our coffees.
Hold the Dairy: Cows Milk vs Plant Milk
Before we look at milk alternatives, let’s check in with cows milk and its somewhat decline. Cows milk has been a staple for decades, and has always been thought to be packed full of essential goodness, so why are people turning their backs on it? We all love milk right?
A recent article in the Guardian implied that we might not love milk as much as we think. It stated that 15% of people of European descent, 75% of people of African decent, 50% of people of Indian descent and almost all Asian and Arabian descent are intolerant to the lactose in cows milk. But it’s still good for us right?
There are a lot of studies out there that suggest that milk is actually detrimental to our health, and in fact does not prevent osteoporosis as originally suggested. One study found that rates of osteoporosis are in fact higher in countries that have easy access to dairy products. It is suggested that lobbying efforts by the dairy industry after the World Wars, once rationing had ended, were responsible for this misinformation.
On top of this, the dairy industry is also now being held up for it’s environmental impact. The methane produced by the industry is thought to be up to 23% more responsible for global warming than carbon dioxide emissions. Then there is the water used for animal feed. Its thought that to keep a single cow can use up to 5000 gallons of water a day. There is also the soil degradation from keeping livestock on land causes, and the harmful fertilizers used to grow cattle feed that are polluting the waterways from runoff.
So it’s not that great, what should we do? Basically as with everything, we should be utilising other sources for our food, so that one area isn’t over stretched.
As people begin to choose plant based foods occasionally over meat, we should also consider plant based milk alternatives over cows milk occasionally to spread the burden.
Plant based products aren’t without their flaws though.
The high levels of estrogen in soya milk are thought to contribute to hormonal health problems in men and women, although this is widely disputed.
The water needed to grow almonds for almond milk, in the California desert, is still substantial albeit less than the dairy industry. However coconuts that grow with little water and oat which is a winter crop, have less impact again. If we were to change our thinking and alternate our choice of milk, or even omit it once in a while, this would help to spread the pressure on any one industry.
So when choosing which milk to use how do you go about it?
Milk alternatives are usually made by blending water with a seed, nut, or grain, and adding thickeners and emulsifiers to create a creamy texture and prevent separation. They are also fortified with vitamins and minerals, with the same or more calcium and Vitamin D than would be found in regular cow’s milk.
There are many reasons to choose non-dairy milks and almost as many types to pick from. But which plant milk works best with specialty coffee? Can you make a vegan latte that tastes good?
It can be difficult to know whether to choose soya, almond, or oat milk. Some non-dairy options have overpowering flavors and others are difficult to foam.
In recent years, the use of plant milks has exploded. Many people are trying to reduce their intake of animal products and the specialty coffee market is no exception.
Let’s find out more about the different qualities of plant milks and which ones best complement your coffee.
Whether you choose non-dairy milk for ethical, health, or other reasons, it’s important to find one that doesn’t overwhelm the subtleties of your coffee.
Types of Plant Milk
This is probably the best-known plant milk around the world.
People have been using soya alternatives to animal products for generations. It is great not just for those who want to avoid dairy, but also for people with nut allergies. It is also widely available.
But dependant on the manufacturer and additives, soya can either foam very well or not-so-well. It can texture well, but from my experience this tends to be down to brand and barista experience. You need to control the spin in the pitcher really well to be able to keep a great texture with soya.
And how does it taste? Some say soya is a great neutral-flavored milk that can work well with specialty coffee. Others report it as tasting like cardboard. I personally find the taste overpowers many of the lighter, more delicate roasts, it varies, but can be quite overpowering. The nutty flavor means that soya can complement coffee from South American origins but distort the qualities of African beans, which tend to have fruity notes.
In this little study I completely changed my mind about soya, it textured well and tasted good in a lot of the coffees. I particular think it works best with our Copan-Cabana and Heritage blends.
This dairy alternative has reportedly overtaken soya milk as the leading plant milk in recent years.
Some consumers prefer it because of concerns about soya’s relationship with female hormones. Others are worried about almond farming’s use of water. But how well does almond milk work with specialty coffee?
This would be my second-favorite plant milk but be cautious as some brands often split in the cup. This is when the milk curdles and separates. It is more likely to happen with an acidic coffee and can also be caused by a large difference in temperature between the coffee and milk. The barista versions tend to work better, but the use of stabilizers in the milk make me question its healthy credentials.
With all brands of almond milk I’ve worked with, regular or barista version, there in an overwhelming bitterness in the first few sips. Once you get past that, it can be enjoyable, really sweet and smooth.
It can definitely complement some light roasts but higher acidity cups will distort and get an odd sourness. Latte art is easily manageable and texture can be good with a barista almond milk. I think it works best with some of our single estate coffees in particular the Las Acacias Estate from Colombia.