Climate and Altitude
Coffee grown at higher altitudes tends to develop more complex flavours due to slower bean maturation. Different climates yield different flavours; for instance, Ethiopian coffee often has fruity and floral notes, while Colombian coffee leans towards nutty and chocolate flavours.
The type of soil in which coffee plants are cultivated can impart unique characteristics to the beans. Volcanic soils, for instance, are known to produce coffee with pronounced acidity and brightness.
The way coffee cherries are processed after harvesting greatly influences the final flavour. Natural or washed, each offer distinct taste profiles.
Coffee plants come in different varieties, and each one has its own flavour characteristics.